When people go out to have a good time or celebrate a holiday, they need to be on their best behavior. This is especially true when they are drinking alcohol. If they aren’t careful, they could get into trouble with the law, which is something nobody wants. Normally this isn’t a problem, but it can become one when a person is drunk. If a person parties too hard and gets too drunk while out in public, they could find themselves in some hot water.
What Is Disorderly Conduct?
Here in California, it is illegal for a person to engage in disorderly conduct under Penal Code (PC) 647. This law outlines all of the different ways a person can be guilty of disorderly conduct. Some examples of this include:
- Disturbing the peace.
- Engaging in prostitution.
- Begging for food or money.
- Wandering on to private property.
- Peeping into someone’s home.
- Trespassing onto someone’s property.
- Participating in a riot.
- Failing to disperse.
How Does This Apply to Drinking?
Disorderly conduct relates to drinking under PC 647f. This subsection of the law makes being incredibly drunk in public a crime. More specifically, under this law, if a person is willfully so drunk that they cannot properly exercise care for their own safety or the safety of others, then they have broken the law. This law also makes it a crime for a person to be so drunk that they prevent others from being able to safely use a sidewalk or road.
All laws are enacted to help keep people safe, and overdrinking is an easy way to make people behave in an unsafe manner. That is why this law exists.
Basically, under this law, it is a crime for someone to become so drunk that they:
- Become rowdy and start risking their own safety.
- Try to start fights with people.
- Lie down on the sidewalk.
- Pass out in the street.
- Stumble onto train tracks.
If a person becomes so intoxicated that they start behaving like this, then they can be charged with this law.
An important note for this law is that the person had to willfully choose to be that drunk. This means that if a person is forced to drink or if they consumed alcohol or drugs accidentally, they are not guilty of public intoxication.
Another important note is that while this section of the law is commonly referred to as the state’s drunk in public law, it also applies to being under the influence of drugs. This is why it is officially referred to as the state’s public intoxication law.
Penalties of Public Intoxication
As with any crime, there are consequences for breaking the law. The penalties of public intoxication are rather light. The crime is only charged as a misdemeanor. This means that it comes with the following penalties:
- Up to 6 months in county jail.
- A max fine of $1,000.
In some instances, a judge may forgo the jail time and instead put the convicted person on misdemeanor probation.
If a person is planning on going out and drinking, they need to do so responsibly. That means no over drinking to the point where they can’t even take care of themselves. Once they reach that point, they could easily get arrested for public intoxication. That is the last thing anyone wants to happen, especially when they are out celebrating and trying to have a good time.
What are your thoughts on California’s disorderly conduct and public intoxication laws? Do the laws help keep people safe or do they just get in the way. Are the penalties for breaking these laws fair? Let us know what you think in the comments down below.